The word “tattoo” is believed in ancient times to have been derived from two major words. “Ta” a Polynesian word which means to “strike something” or ” striking something “, and ” tatau” a Tahitian word which means “to mark”. Various historical researches had revealed that the use of tattoos had begun decades of tears back. It has been said to be very colourful and at the same time diverse as the people who wears them. In the scientific world, tattoos are said to be created from the insertion of materials (coloured) beneath the epidermis. i.e the skin’s surface.
How did tattoo came into existence?
The first tattoo ever, came into existence by mistake. It was not intentionally created, in that someone who had an open wound unintentionally rubbed it with a dirty hand full of ash. As the wound healed with time, it was later discovered that the wound healed over the ash, thereby leaving a permanent mark on the body. There are strong evidences that women had been tattooing their bodies and limbs since about 4000- 3500BC. In northern Egypt, some small bronze implements were discovered in a town called Gurob, dating back to as far as1450BC. When some archaeologists uncovered some tombs, most of the Egyptian women found there were tattooed. Figurines, tomb art, and mummies have all been found with body art, and bronze tattooing tools were identified at a site in northern Egypt. Upon first discovery, the tattooed women were assumed to be of a lower class or questionable reputation based on their markings, but some have since asserted the opinion that the images and locations were more likely to have been applied as good luck charms for pregnancy and birth.
Ancient Greek and Roman historians are the beginning of the European knowledge in tattooing. Prior to this, the only major source of information about tattoos was the findings made by archeologist’s, which are very scarce and of course open to many interpretations. There are possibilities that tattooing in Europe might have be existing even before the last Great Ice Ace, which was about 12000 years back, due to some shocking discoveries of bowls having traces of black and red pigments in addition to sharp flints materials found in Grotte des fees in Chatelperon, France in 1867, the caves of Portugal, Norway, and Sweden. What brought about all the assumptions that the instruments might have been used for tattooing was their sizes and shapes.
There had also been discoveries of images of people who had been decorated with something that looked like tattooed lines on the pre historic stones at Aveyron band Tarn in France. In the Thracian burial grounds close to Philippopolis, drawings and figurines that implies tattooing of people where also discovered, but the complexity in the decorations of the findings made the assumption not valid.
One of the major reason for the fading off of ancient traditions in diverse places was the domination of the European Nations which ended the total isolation of the people. The introduction of the Christian way of believe by the technological and military giants of Europe further eradicated most of these ancient acts.